The State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM

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Nuclear weapons complex (NWC)


 РОСАТОМ » Strategy implementation » Realisation of national priorities when executing state powers in the designated sphere of activity » Nuclear weapons complex (NWC)



Ivan Kamenskikh
First Deputy CEO and Director for the Nuclear Weapons

– How successful do you think 2013 was for the nuclear weapons complex activities?

– The main task of the NWC is to maintain the country’s nuclear stockpile at the necessary level and to ensure its safe operation. This task was handled effectively and with good quality. The state defence order was 100 % fulfilled.

The total capacity of the supercomputers in Russian Federal Nuclear centres grew by 40 % compared to 2012. This enables the successful development of simulation modelling technologies for complex engineering products in the interests of the high-technology sectors of the industry.

During the year, we carried out substantial work to deploy engineering features for physical protection not only at ROSATOM’s facilities but also at essential facilities of the Ministry of Defence of Russia.

– In 2013, NWC enterprises achieved a striking result, i.e. proceeds from the sale of non-related products grew by 20 %. At what cost was this achieved? Could it be explained by the greater competitiveness of civilian products made by NWC

– Yes, absolutely. Last year, civilian production developed in five areas, namely, electrical engineering, security systems, computing means and techniques, laser technologies, and the automation of process control systems.

Despite hard competition, we succeeded in obtaining and fulfilling orders for the design and installation of the access control information system for the Olympic facilities during the XXII Olympics in Sochi. We also developed an integrated security system for the combined (automobile road and railroad) Adler-Alpika-Servis road over its 49 kilometres.

The deliberate entry into competitive markets of civilian products motivates NWC enterprises to broaden their chain of supplies, develop external cooperation, monitor markets, and improve products in the interests of their customers.

– What are the priority development areas of NWC enterprises in the near term?

– In 2014, it is planned to continue restructuring NWC enterprises in accordance with the Russian President’s Decree “On Federal Nuclear Organisations” and ROSATOM’s NWC development strategy up to 2020. With this agenda, we have to ensure the development of the experimental and test, computing, and production and technological bases to bring them to a qualitatively new level in order to meet the existing Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and to ensure competitiveness with the other leading nuclear powers. The plan is also to start releasing [from restricted access areas] the supporting and auxiliary production facilities, including the use of mechanisms for establishing sectoral technology centres.

2.3.2.1. Results of 2013

Filling of the governmental defence order and cooperation with the Ministry of Defence of Russia

ROSATOM, jointly with the Ministry of Defence of Russia and the nuclear weapons military commands of the Armed Forces of Russia, has maintained the combat stock of the Armed Forces of Russia in terms of the appropriate quality and quantity at the level that guarantees the implementation of Russia’s nuclear deterrence policy.

In 2013, ROSATOM’s enterprises carried out research and development in accordance with the approved National Arms Programme for 2011–2020. In the reporting period, the plans for development and production of ammunition set forth in the governmental defence order were fulfilled in full.

Labor efficiency with regard to other products of NWC in terms of consolidated proceeds (KPI for 2013) exceeded the same indicator from 2012 by 15 %.

Restructuring of NWC enterprises

In the framework of the restructuring of the Nuclear Weapons Complex (NWC) conducted in accordance with ROSATOM’s NWC development strategy up to 2020, the target indicators describing the state of the NWC facilities were achieved in full. The production areas and headcount of NWC facilities were reduced and salaries were raised. Renovation of the equipment of the scientific, production and technological bases of NWC facilities has continued.

Activities in the civilian sector

In 2013, NWC enterprises carried out science-intensive innovative developments in the interests of the core industries of the Russian economy.

The consolidated proceeds with regard to other products of the NWC (KPI for 2013) totalled RUB 55.3 billion, up 2.4 % from the target indicator and up 21 % from the same indicator for 2012.

The main activity areas included:

  • the development of new technologies and equipment for nuclear power; solution of problems associated with spent nuclear fuel;
  • developments in the field of nuclear medicine;
  • the development of supercomputers and the improvement and development of modern computation technologies;
  • the development, manufacture and deployment of integrated computer-based process control systems at facilities serving the fuel and energy sector of Russia;
  • the development and improvement of engineering complexes and systems for the oil and gas industry;
  • the development of optical and laser systems;
  • the development of complexes for recording high-speed processes to be used in research in nuclear physics and high-energy physics;
  • the provision of services by the Shared Use Centres;
  • the development of instruments, hardware and complexes for the development of other areas in the civilian sector.

For details, see the Report Section “Strengthening of the Innovative Potential of Further Development of The Russian Nuclear Technologies and Broadening of Their Application”.

Measures to improve efficiency of NWC enterprises

To improve ROSATOM’s system of management of NWC enterprises, the Plan and a system of indicators for the integrated assessment of condition and development trends of NWC organisations have been put into effect along with the this process monitoring procedure. The system of indicators consists of economic, production, process, labour and financial indicators, as well as indicators of innovation, production and management efficiency (a total of 53 indicators). Based on the results of the integrated assessment of NWC conditions and development trends carried out in 2013. it was found that all NWC enterprises of ROSATOM were financially sound and developing with positive trends.

In 2013, the implementation of the energy saving and energy efficiency improvement programme brought about savings in energy consumption at NWC enterprises of 20.3 % as compared to the reference period (2009); in terms of cost, that is more than RUB 814 million.

To increase production efficiency, the ROSATOM Production System (RPS) was implemented at NWC enterprises. The main task of RPS development in NWC in 2013 was to improve the production efficiency management system through the integration of RPS with other NWC development programmes as related to the production of the principal and other products. The task was completed. The NWC enterprises met the targets of eight sectoral and 89 site-wide RPS projects, yielding an economic benefit of their implementation of about RUB 350 million.

Nuclear and radiation safety, ecological efficiency of NWC enterprises

All NWC enterprises have imposed limits on the release and discharge of noxious chemical and radioactive substances; the appropriate monitoring of releases and discharges is in place.

In 2013, there were no operational events rated greater than Level 0 on the INES scale at nuclear installations on NWC sites.

The implementation of mid-term measures of the Plan of Safety Improvement at Nuclear and Radiation Hazardous Facilities of NWC was continued.

To implement the Federal Law “On the Radioactive Waste Management,” local strategies for radioactive waste management were developed by NWC enterprises; work on the initial registration of radioactive waste generated before the law came into force was started.

2.3.2.2. Plans for 2014 and on a mid-term horizon

In 2014, it is planned to:

  • fulfil completely all the tasks set forth by the governmental defence order;
  • continue developing the legal regulatory framework of the NWC enterprises restructuring;
  • ensure the development and start of implementation of the Integrated Programme of Production Efficiency Improvement of the Nuclear Weapons Complex in 2014–2018;
  • further maintain and develop experimental, testing, computing, production and technological capabilities to achieve their new qualitative level in the condition of effects of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and ensuring competitiveness with other leading nuclear powers;
  • start activities to segregate supporting and auxiliary facilities, including through the mechanism of the creation of sectoral technology centres.




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