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Development of the new technological platform and CNFC


 РОСАТОМ » Strategy implementation » Strengthening the innovative potential of the further development of Russian nuclear technologies and the broadening of their application » Development of the new technological platform and CNFC



2.4.2.1. Project “Proryv” (“Breakthrough”)

Project “Breakthrough”, which is to develop new generation nuclear power technologies based on the closed nuclear fuel cycle with fast neutron reactors, has been implemented under the FTP “Nuclear Power Technologies of the New Generation for the period of 2010–2015 and until 2020” (FTP NPNG).

Main results of R&D under the Project “Breakthrough”:

  • the safety justification of BREST-OD-300 reactor was carried out;
  • a laws bench was developed to test structural components of the BREST reactor installation;
  • the first series of experiments with mixed nitride uranium-plutonium fuel (MNUP fuel) was carried out at a large physical test rig;
  • work to fabricate MNUP fuel for experimental fuel assemblies is 100 % complete;
  • for the first time, fuel assembly rods with nitride fuel rods were installed in power reactor BN-600 for in-pile tests;
  • the basic hybrid process flow of recycling spent nuclear fuel, which has no parallel in the world, was developed; the process combines the leading pyrochemical stage and the subsequent hydrometallurgical stage;
  • new data were obtained to justify the selection of glass- and mineral-like matrix material for the ultimate disposal of RAW;
  • the first test results were obtained, and that allowed proceeding to the generation of input data and terms of reference for individual processes of ultimate RAW disposal.

Plans for 2014:

  • to complete the main part of R&D (except for SNF recycling problems);
  • to produce the project documentation for BREST-OD-300 construction;
  • to produce conceptual designs for the main installations of the SNF recycling facility;
  • to develop a process hardware configuration for the SNF recycling and NFCE’s RAW management module;
  • to produce engineering designs for pilot key process installations of the fuel fabrication module.

2.4.2.2. Infrastructural project MBIR

The project “Development of the Multi-purpose Research Fast Neutron Reactor MBIR” (hereinafter referred to as the Project MBIR) has been implemented under the FTP “Nuclear Power Technologies of the New Generation for the period of 2010–2015 and until 2020” and aims to build a research installation with unique characteristics on the site of SRC NIIAR in Dimitrovgrad.

Main results of the Project MBIR in 2013:

  • research and development to justify design and engineering solutions was completed in the scope set forth by the FNP NPNG for 2013; the engineering design for the MBIR reactor installation was produced;
  • the State Environmental Review Authority granted a positive statement in regard to the siting licence application package;
  • the siting licence application package was submitted to the Federal Environment, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision Service and accepted for review;
  • the project documentation for the facility “Construction of the Multi-purpose Research Fast Neutron Reactor MBIR, JSC State Research Centre – Research Institute of Atomic Reactors, Dimitrovgrad, Ulyanovsk Region” was produced and submitted to the State Expert Evaluation Department of Russia (Glavgosekspertiza).

Plans for 2014:

  • to complete the R&D programme run to justify adopted engineering solutions;
  • to get approvals for the project documentation and a construction permit;
  • to obtain a MBIR reactor siting licence from the Federal Environment, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision Service;
  • to produce and submit to the Federal Environment, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision Service a construction licence application package for the MBIR reactor (including holding of public hearings on the preliminary environmental impact assessment of MBIR reactor construction);
  • to invite bids, select the principal construction contractor and conduct pre-construction activities on the MBIR reactor site;
  • to carry out bidding, select the vendor and place orders for the manufacture of the long-lead equipment, including the reactor vessel and internals.

The Project MBIR is implemented in accordance with the approved schedule.





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