|АА1000 Stakeholders Engagement Standard
||a generally applicable regulatory framework for the planning, execution, assessment, provision of information and non-financial auditing of the stakeholder engagement quality in the organisational reporting and accountability process in the field of efficient management.
||the unit of nuclide activity in a radiation source equal to the nuclide activity at which one decay takes place per second.
|BOO (Build – Own – Operate) contract
||a contract that provides for the obligation of the construction, ownership and operation of a facility.
|Closed nuclear fuel cycle
||a nuclear fuel cycle, in which spent nuclear fuel is processed for uranium and plutonium extraction for nuclear fuel refabrication.
||lands that have been contaminated with different, including radioactive, substances. These, for instance, include lands adjoining ROSATOM”s sites or residential areas.
|Corporate social accountability
||a concept based on an organisation taking into account stakeholder requests. This is a package of obligations generated, on a voluntary basis, by the organisation’s executives with regard for the interests of personnel, shareholders, local communities in the operations areas, state and municipal power bodies, and other stakeholders. These obligations are largely fulfilled at the expense of the organisation’s funds and are aimed at the implementation of significant internal and external social (in the broad sense of the word) programmes, the results of which contribute to the development of the organisation, to the improved reputation and image thereof, as well as to the constructive stakeholder engagement.
||uranium which contains less isotopes of U-235 than natural uranium (for example, uranium in the spent fuel of reactors fuelled by natural uranium).
|Dialogue with stockholders (as part of the annual report preparation)
||an arrangement undertaken under the AA100 international standards for the engagement of representatives of the stakeholders during the report preparation to enhance the organisation’s transparency and accountability.
||lands that have lost their economic value or are the result of adverse environmental impacts due to soil disturbance, regimen disturbance or formation of a man-made relief as the result of industrial activities.
|Dump of radioactive material
||controlled entry of radionuclides into water bodies with liquid waste of a nuclear facility (e.g. a nuclear plant).
||a) the content of atoms of a certain isotope in the isotopic mixture of the same element if this exceeds the share of the given isotope in a naturally occurring mixture (expressed as a percentage); b) a process resulting in an increased content of a certain isotope in the isotopic mixture.
|EPC (Engineering – Procurement - Construction) contract
||a contract that provides for the obligation of the turnkey construction of a facility, including the facility engineering, supply and construction obligations. Unlike a BOO Contract, it does not provide for the ownership of the facility to be built.
|EPCM (Engineering – Procurement – Construction - Management) contract
||a contract that provides for the obligation of the turnkey construction (including engineering, supply and construction) and management of a facility. Unlike a BOO Contract, it does not provide for the ownership of the facility to be built.
||neutrons whose kinetic energy exceeds a particular given magnitude. This magnitude is variable in a broad range and depends on the application (reactor physics, protection or radiation monitoring). In reactor physics, this magnitude is mostly selected as equalling 0.1 MeV.
||a stage in the nuclear plant commissioning process, including the reactor fuelling, first criticality and required physical experiments conducted at the power level at which heat is removed from the reactor thanks to natural heat losses.
||a package of fuel elements (rods, bars, plates and others) held together with the aid of spacer grids and other structural members, which are integral during transportation and in-pile irradiation. Assemblies are loaded into the nuclear reactor core.
||a pellet of compacted uranium dioxide is the basis of nuclear fuel and is contained inside fuel elements.
|Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
||an international reporting system concerning economic, environmental and social performance, based on the Sustainability Reporting Guidelines, Technical Protocols and industry applications.
||the Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the United States of America Concerning the Disposition of Highly-Enriched Uranium Extracted from Nuclear Weapons, under which Russia had committed itself to supplying to the U.S. for 20 years (until the end of 2013) low-enriched uranium (LEU) obtained from 500 tons of highly-enriched uranium (HEU) extracted from nuclear warheads and found by the Russian side to be excessive for defensive applications.
||a verification system established in the framework of the international nuclear non-proliferation policy, which is applied to the peaceful use of atomic energy; the International Atomic Energy Agency is charged with the implementation of this policy.
|Installed capacity utilisation factor (ICUF)
||the relation of the actual electricity generation by a reactor facility during the period of operation to the electricity generation during rated-power operations with no shutdowns.
||a report that consolidates all material data on the organisation’s strategy, corporate management, performance indicators and prospects such that it would “show” in an integrated way the organisation’s economic, social and environmental status. The report gives a clear and distinct idea about how the organisation carries out reasonable control, as well as on how it creates its value at the present time or will create it in future.
Reporting Council (IIRC)
||an international organisation engaged in the development of a global integrated reporting standard to allow for managerial, financial, social, environmental and other information to be provided in an understandable, concise, self-consistent and comparable reporting document. The IIRC objective is to develop versatile approaches to the delivery of corporate reports so as to contribute to the sustainable development of a global economy.
|ISAE 3000 International
Standard on Assurance
||an international standard for a non-financial reporting audit.
|Key (for the purpose
of public reporting)
||organisations whose activities are of a major social and political importance and/or significant for the
positioning of ROSATOM in Russian and international markets.
||key efficiency indicators meeting the goals of the Rosatom State Corporation which disclose the efficiency
and performance of organisations (and of activities by division) and the individual efficiency of employees.
||ionising radiation formed by space radiation and ionising radiation of naturally distributed natural
radionuclides (on the surface of the Earth, in the air, in food products, water and human body, and so on).
||reporting provided by an organisation as to its performance outside the scope of manufacturing and financial
activities (and the management of this performance). Non-financial reporting includes sustainability reports,
corporate social accountability reports, environmental reports, charity reports and others.
||a material containing fissionable nuclides which, being placed in the nuclear reactor, makes it possible to
sustain a nuclear chain reaction.
|Nuclear fuel cycle
||the sequence of manufacturing processes for ensuring the operation of nuclear reactors from uranium
production to the disposal of radioactive waste.
|Nuclear plant safety
||the property of a nuclear power plant to ensure, within the specified limits, the radiological safety of the
personnel, the public and the environment during normal operation and in the event of an accident.
||a branch of power engineering that uses atomic energy for electricity and heat generation.
||a general term that describes the properties of a nuclear facility to keep the radiological impact on the
personnel, the public and the environment within the permissible limits during normal operation and in the
event of an accident.
|Nuclear weapons nonproliferation treaty
||an international agreement for arms race limitation intended to avoid the emergence of new states
possessing nuclear weapons. The treaty places the states possessing nuclear weapons under the obligation
not to disseminate nuclear weapons and control such weapons, while it places non-nuclear states under the
obligation not to produce or purchase nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosives.
||an organisation that possesses the regulator permit to operate a nuclear plant or another nuclear facility.
||a model including the key business processes and the resources (capital) employed, with which the
organisation creates and maintains its value in the long term.
||the Phase Gate approach to carrying out investment activities, a principle of planning and carrying out
investment activities that suggests, when applied, that investment projects are broken down into phases,
of which each is preceded by a Gate Review of the results achieved and the further project implementation
plans and risk, and a decision is made on the further project implementation phase to be proceeded to.
||a stage in the nuclear plant commissioning from the power start-up to the plant’s acceptance for commercial
||a stage in the nuclear plant commissioning during which the plant starts to generate energy and the plant’s
operation is checked at different power levels up to that specified for commercial operations.
|Public assurance of the
||the procedure for the assurance of the report by representatives of the major stakeholders to confirm the
relevance and completeness of the information disclosed in the report, as well as for the organisation’s
response to the stakeholders’ comments and proposals, as organised in accordance with the АА1000SES
international standard. The public certification result is the public assurance statement signed by the
stakeholder representatives and entered in the report.
||the total of individual exposure doses received or planned in the operations to decommission, maintain,
repair, replace or dismantle components of a nuclear facility, e.g. of a nuclear plant.
||acquisition of information on the radiological conditions in the organisation and in the environment and on
human exposure levels (includes dose control and radiometric monitoring).
||a set of arrangements seeking to limit the exposure of personnel and the public to the lowest possible
radiation dose values in a socially acceptable way, as well as to avoid the early effects of exposure and keep
the delayed radiation effects within tolerable limits.
||atmospheric emission of radionuclides as the result of nuclear plant operation.
||nuclear materials and radioactive wastes of no further use.
||operations aimed at changing the aggregate state and/or physical and chemical properties of radioactive
waste and carried out to convert it into such forms as would be suitable for transportation, storage and/or
||safe disposition of radioactive waste in repositories or any places that rule out waste withdrawal or the
potential of radioactive releases into the environment.
of the Russian Union
of Industrialists and
for Use in the Practice
of Management and
||a system of economic, social and environmental performance indicators for non-financial reports, as
developed by the RUIE for the purpose of contributing to the introduction of responsible business principles.
It is based on a number of underlying documents developed by UN structures (including the UN Global
Compact), the Global Reporting Initiative, as well as methodological and procedural recommendations of the
Russian Federation’s Federal State Statistics Service and guidance of the RUIE (Social Charter of Russian
Business, Recommendations on the Preparation of Non-financial Reports “Five Steps Towards the Social
Sustainability of Companies” and others).
||disturbed and exhausted lands on which activities have been conducted for the reestablishment of soil
fertility, economic reuse of the plots of land disturbed by operations and so on, which have been brought to
the condition where it is fit for the intended use (in farming, forestry, water management and other fields).
||a nuclear reactor designed for use as a subject of research for the purpose of obtaining data on reactor
physics and technology, which is required for the design and development of a reactor of the same type or of
|Separative work unit (SWU)
||a measure of the efforts applied to separate a given quantity of a material of a certain isotopic composition
into two fractions with different isotopic compositions; it does not depend on the separation process used;
kilogram is a separative work unit, and the enrichment and energy consumption cost is calculated per kilo of
the separative work performed.
||physical and/or legal persons, as well as groups of persons, who affect the organisation’s activities through
their actions and/or are subject to effects from the organisation. An organisation may have different
stakeholders (public and international supervising authorities, shareholders, consumers of goods and
services, business partners, suppliers and contractors, civil society organisations, local communities, trade
unions and others) with both mutually remote and conflicting interests.
Reporting Initiative, GRI)
||The Sustainability Reporting Guidelines containing the guidelines that define the content and ensure the
quality of reporting information, standard reporting disclosures comprising the performance indicators of the
organisation’s economic, environmental and social impacts, approaches to the management of said impacts,
and other characteristics, as well as recommendations on specific technical aspects of reporting.
||development that covers present-day needs, while not endangering the capability of future generations to
cover their needs. In this connection, the organisation’s transparency and accountability with respect to its
economic, environmental and social impacts are the fundamental requirements applicable to every economic
||a chemical engineering process of transforming uranium-containing materials into uranium hexafluoride.
||a chemical compound of uranium and fluorine (UF6). This is the only highly volatile uranium compound (when
heated to 53oC, uranium hexafluoride passes directly from solid into gas) and is used as feedstock for the
separation of uranium-238 and uranium-235 isotopes using a gas-diffusion technology or a gas-centrifuge
technology, and for production of enriched uranium.
|Uranium ore enrichment
||a combination of processes for the primary treatment of uranium-bearing mineral raw material to separate
uranium from other minerals contained in the ore. This does not involve any changes in the content of
minerals, but only a mechanical separation thereof with the resultant production of an ore concentrate.
||a water-cooled water-moderated power reactor, in which water is used both as the coolant and the
moderator. The most common type of Russian NPP reactors has two modifications: VVER-440 and VVER-1000.
|Nuclear plant safety
||the property of a nuclear plant to ensure, within the specified limits, the radiation safety of the personnel, the
public and the environment during normal operation and in the event of accidents.
||a branch of power engineering that uses atomic energy for electricity and heat generation.